What are Stock market Sectors?
Stock market sectors, also called as industry sectors or economic sectors are distinguishable sets of several group of businesses selling related products or services. All Stock market sectors like defensive and cyclical stock sectors, s&p 500 consumer discretionary etc. are a group of companies falling under same or similar industry groups. It is like a category of stocks. If you can think of stock market as a huge Walmart or Costco store, then a sector is a category in Walmart such as Grocery, Mobile phones, Toys, Furniture. For instance, IT sector is like the laptops, mobiles, accessories and games zone in Walmart. Moreover, FMCG sector comprises grocery and personal care categories.
Table of Contents
- What are Stock market Sectors?
- Top 5 Beaten down sectors of 2021 – defensive and cyclical sectors GICS
- Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Dividing an economy into Stock market sectors allows for more in-depth analysis of the economy. Understanding the Stock market sectors and their use & importance in stock selection is called sector based investing and can potentially give you an edge in the market.Tweet
Furthermore, a Stock market sector can be broken down into several industries. For example, The financial sector can be broken down into banks, asset management companies, life insurance companies, or investment brokerage.
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Top 5 defensive and cyclical stock sectors in 2021 for Long-Term Investments
Your investment portfolio should have diversified holdings from different sectors. Before I list down the most profitable stock market sectors for 2021, we should understand that the dynamics and working of the entire world have changed due to Covid-19.
The best defensive and cyclical sectors GICS to invest in 2021 are effectively the beaten down sectors of 2020 after Covid times.
- Communication Services Sector – Work from home is here to stay for long
- Health Care Sector – Vaccination and supplementary medication post Covid-19
- Consumer Staples – everyone has to eat after all!
- Consumer Discretionary Sector – Let’s go shopping… ughhh … online shopping!
- Financials sector – all about $$$: trading in stock market, getting insurance and loans
What are the 11 GICS sectors in US stock market?
According to Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS), the U.S. stock markets is divided into 11 sectors.
- Communication Services
- Consumer Staples
- Health Care
- Technology Sector
- Consumer Discretionary
- Real Estate
Here I will briefly write more on the 5 most profitable stock market sectors after Covid times while providing some info on the list of best stocks from these defensive and cyclical stock sectors for 2021. I am sure you will certainly make money if you follow a sector based investing approach by investing in any of these top stocks from defensive and cyclical GICS sectors. If you believe more in protection of capital than astounding returns, stick to defensive stock sectors. See more below for consumer staples sector outlook in 2021.
Cyclical stock sectors give a boost in your income when the time is right. For example, looking at consumer discretionary sector performance can give you a sense of average growth in all s&p 500 consumer discretionary companies.
Now we look at the top defensive and cyclical stock sectors out of all the 11 GICS sectors of the US stock market
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Communication Services Sector
Unlike most depressed sectors of 2020, this was and is still one of the best cyclical stock sectors for 2021. This cyclical GICS sector comprises of companies in the communication services i.e. mobile, radio, internet, vidoe, audio and other twentieth century methods of communication.
Some of the best cyclical stocks from this GICS sector to buy include many multi-billion dollar household names like Verizon, AT&T, T-Mobile, Sprint, Comcast, Charter, Netflix, Facebook, and Google.
Because of the growth in all these companies, Communication Services Sector has been one the top cyclical stock sectors for 2020.
Since work from home is not going home soon, I consider this sector to be amongst the most profitable stock market sectors after covid in 2021
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Healthcare sector is a defensive stock market sector and falls under essential services. Because of its nature of business i.e. providing medicine and treatment when the economy hits a crises, people lose jobs and fall ill, companies in this sector actually make a killing in downturn or recession times!
The companies in these kind of defensive sectors are often good plays and safe bets because people will always need medical care, whether it’s from pharmaceutical drugs or hospital visits. Companies belonging to the healthcare sector are the ones operating in drug & pharmaceuticals, healthcare equipment, healthcare services, Hospitals, Insurance companies, Biomedical companies.
In economic expansion, people generally also focus on spending more on lifestyle drugs, health supplements, workouts, yoga sessions, and even health related travel. This further helps these top defensive stock sectors companies generate multi-billion dollar profits from their other health discretionary line of business.
Due to that, mega names from this sector like Johnson and Johnson, UnitedHealth, Merck, Pfizer have not just managed to survive but also make profits consistently.
Those are the reasons why Healthcare sector is a “defensive” stock market sector and never a depressed or beaten down sectors in 2020 or any year for that matter.
Oevr the last two decades, the health care industry has seen a magnificient increase in technological advancements. Further developments continue to grow each day.
According to Inkwood Consulting report, the global artificial intelligence in healthcare market is estimated to record CAGR of 38.05%, in terms of revenue, during 2020–2028. The market is anticipated to reach a revenue of $59426.79 Million by 2028.Tweet
Consumer Staples or FMCG (defensive)
Just like the healthcare sector, there’s another name in the defensive stock sectors arena called consumer staples or consumer defensive. Defensive because these companies in consumer staples sector are generally resilient even in an economic downturn. After all, every human being needs food to survive !!
Consumer staples sector or the FMCG sector comprises of food and beverage companies, supermarkets, manufacturers of household goods and personal products.
This defensive stock market sector contains most commonly heard names including Walmart, Costco, Kraft Heinz, Coca-Cola, Procter and Gamble, Estée Lauder, and so forth.
These top consumer staples sector stocks can be purchased any time of the year if you intend to create a defensive ETF portfolio of stocks from any 11 GICS sectors, including this consumer staples sector stocks or any of the most beaten down sectors of 2020.
The consumer staples sector outlook can be gauged from the single reason that people don’t necessarily need to buy new cars, clothes, or eat at restaurants. These products or services are not essential to survival. But they certainly need to buy food arnd household goods.
The key difference between consumer staples and consumer discretionary lies on the distinction between ‘need’ and ‘want’.Tweet
Companies in Consumer Staples sector produce and/or sell products that people need to survive or also referred to as essential goods. Whereas, companies in Consumer Discretionary sector produce and/or sell products or services that people want to buy, not necessarily need to buy.
The Consumer Staples sector offers a convenient, safe and stable investment option.
Even mega companies in this sector face a lot of competition, thus impacting their profit margins. However, volume compensates for low profit margins here. FMCG companies produce products in huge numbers to serve essential needs of billions of people. This in effect helps in multi-billion dollar profits for them while the profit margin remains low.
However, the consumer staples sector outlook looks bright in 2021 given more people will consume more groceries than probably spend on other lifestyle products.
Consumer Discretionary Sector (Cyclical stock sector)
Following is the smart definition of Consumer Discretionary term from investopedia.
Consumer discretionary is a term for classifying goods and services that are considered non-essential by consumers, but desirable if their available income is sufficient to purchase them.
Companies from Consumer Discretionary sector, also called consumer cyclicals, benefit from a stronger economy. Consumers earn more and spend more on consumer discretionary products while the economy is rising. Some popular multi-billion dollar names from this sector are: Amazon, Home Depot, Ford, Wynn, Starbucks, Target, and Chipotle. Companies in this stock market sector belong to industries such as retailers, apparel, media, restaurants, hotels, autos, and other non-essential household products.
These companies have strong quarterly earnings generally in economy expansion phase. On the other hand, when an economy is in contractionary or recession phases, people have lower incomes and thus spend more on products from consumer staples sector.
The financial sector consists of banks, insurance, and real estate companies. It comprises of companies providing commercial and retail customers with financial services. A important portion of companies in Financial sector have their income and profit coming from mortgages and loans. This sector is closely tied with interest rates. If interest rates increase, then big financial institutions make billions of dollars.
The health of any economy is generally dependent upon the financial sector. Better this sector, safer it is for the country. For a stable economy, a healthy financial sector is required since financial companies are providing loans for businesses. This way they expand, grant loans and mortgages, provide investment services to help people build up savings. Insurance companies also fall under Financial sector.
The big names in this sector are JPMorgan, Bank of America, Wells Fargo, U.S. Bank, Goldman Sachs.
This stock market sector comprises of oil, gas, coal, and fuel companies, and other energy equipment and services companies e.g. oil-drilling equipment manufacturers.
The big names in this sector are Exxon, Shell, Chevron, BP, Schlumberger, Halliburton. Like consumer discretionary sector, this sector thrives on non-essential consumption and therefore the companies in Energy sector generate billions of dollars in profit and give out generous dividends.
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However, as expected, this sector is strongly correlated with the price of crude oil. If the price of crude oil is falling, these companies will not able to profit as much from a single barrel of crude oil compared to when crude oil price is touching the skies . Nevertheless, their share price is generally stable, and due to their generous dividends you can easily add them to your long-term portfolio.
There are 11 GICS sectors and tens of sub-sectors in the US stock market. Obviously, I cannot invest or ask you to invest in every sector. The idea behind this article was to give you an introduction to the best defensive and cyclical stock sectors, list down the GICS stock market sectors, and briefly mention the best stocks from defensive stock sectors, cyclical stock sectors, and other beaten down sectors. I am a proponent of sector based investing and try to invest in good companies from both defensive and cyclical stock sectors.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Which sector is best in stock market? Which sector should I buy now?
There is no definitive answer to that. No sector can be the best forever. The world is changing either subtly or sharply all the time. A stock or sector who’s the hero of the year might be a laggard in next year. In this article I have listed down the defensive and cyclical stock sectors for 2021. If you carefully choose a company n strong growth trajectory or purchase units in an ETF from any of the beaten down sectors of 2020, you will most probably be in profit by end of 2021.
What are the 11 GICS sectors?
According to Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS), the U.S. stock markets is divided into the following 11 sectors in no particular order: